ALEXANDER SON OF ARISTOBULUS II


ALEXANDER SON OF ARISTOBULUS II
ALEXANDER SON OF ARISTOBULUS II (d. 49 B.C.E.), one of the last of the hasmoneans . Alexander, eldest son of Aristobulus II, was the son-in-law of hyrcanus ii . His wife, alexandra , was the mother of mariamne , wife of herod the Great. As a result of the struggle between Aristobulus II and Hyrcanus II for the throne of Judea, Alexander was sent by Pompey in 63 B.C.E. as a captive to Rome – with his father and the rest of his family. He escaped on the way and returned to Judea, where he succeeded in mustering an army of 10,000 infantry and 1,500 cavalry, and in occupying the strongholds of Alexandreion, Hyrcania, and Machaerus. gabinius , recently arrived in Syria as proconsul, collected a force to oppose him and sent his adjutant Mark Anthony ahead. Anthony equipped an additional Jewish contingent under the Jewish commanders Peitholaus and Malichus. Gabinius defeated Alexander's army in the vicinity of Jerusalem, and the remnant fled to Alexandreion. Besieging the fortress, Gabinius promised Alexander his freedom and an amnesty for his troops if he surrendered. His mother also pleaded with Alexander to accept this condition and he left Alexandreion which was then razed to the ground by Gabinius. Gabinius thereupon introduced a much more stringent administrative system than was in force earlier. Alexander rebelled a second time in 55 B.C.E., when Gabinius was in Egypt. He again mustered a large force and began to drive the Romans from Judea. Gabinius returned and immediately advanced to meet Alexander. He employed antipater to persuade Alexander's army to desert to Hyrcanus. Alexander, however, still had thirty thousand men left and he met in battle the armies of Gabinius and Hyrcanus at alexander son of aristobulus ii   Mt. Tabor and was defeated. The defeat shattered Alexander's resources. Antipater, however, succeeded in effecting a reconciliation between Alexander and Hyrcanus, by arranging a marriage between Alexander and Hyrcanus' daughter Alexandra, which might eventually enable Alexander to become high priest. When civil war broke out in Rome between Julius Caesar and Pompey in 49 B.C.E., Pompey ordered his father-in-law Q. Caecilius Metellus Scipio, then proconsul in Syria, to put Alexander to death in Antiochia. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Jos., Ant., 14:80–125; Jos., Wars, 1:160–85; A.H.M. Jones, The Herods of Judaea (1938); Klausner, Bayit Sheni, 3 (19502), 236 ff.; Schuerer, Gesch, 1 (19014), 338 ff.; Graetz, Gesch, 3 (19055), 166–7, 17 1 ff.; A. Schalit, Hordos ha-Melekh (19643), 26 ff. (Abraham Schalit)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ARISTOBULUS III — (Hebrew name Jonathan; d. 35 B.C.E.), last Hasmonean high priest. His father was Alexander, son of aristobulus ii , his mother was Alexandra, daughter of Hyrcanus II, and his sister mariamne the Hasmonean, wife of Herod. Aristobulus was due to… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Aristobulus of Cassandreia — (ca. 375 301 BC), Greek historian, son of Aristobulus, probably a Phocian settled inCassandreia [ [http://books.google.com/books?id=gay i14p9oEC pg=PA207 dq=Aristobulus+Phocian sig=UGJSbjS3LIWdwsjEDcS5qsDmVDk Sources for Alexander the Great N. G …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander Maccabeus — (63 BCE ndash; 48 BCE) was the eldest son of Aristobulus II (87 BCE ndash; 49 BCE), whom was the son of Alexander Jannaeus. [ [http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=1122 letter=A Alexander II of Judea] son of Aristobulus II, son of… …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander of Judaea — Alexander (Gr. polytonic|Ἀλέξανδρος), the eldest son of Aristobulus II, king of Judaea, was taken pri­soner, with his father and brother, by Pompey, on the capture of Jerusalem in 63 BC, but escaped his captors as they were being conveyed to Rome …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander — This article is about the male first name. For other uses, see Alexander (disambiguation). Alexander Paris, depicted in this c. 1636 painting by Peter Paul Rubens making his famous judgment, was given the surname Alexander as a child when he rou …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander —    1) (80 49 BCE)    Son of Aristobulus II, King of Judea. He was taken captive with his father by the Romans in 63 BCE. He later organized unsuc cessful resistance in Judea.    2) (35 7 BCE)    Son of Herod the Great. He and his brother… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Aristobulus II — was the Jewish High Priest and King of Judea, 66 BC to 63 BC, from the Hasmonean Dynasty.FamilyAristobulus was the younger son of Alexander Jannaeus, King and High Priest, and Alexandra Salome. After the death of Alexander in 76 BC, his widow… …   Wikipedia

  • ARISTOBULUS — (c. 35 B.C.E.–7 B.C.E.), son of herod and mariamne . Of Hasmonean lineage, both Aristobulus and his elder brother alexander were regarded as eventual heirs to the throne. The two were sent to Rome for their education. After his return to Judea,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ARISTOBULUS II — (d. 49 B.C.E.), younger son of Alexander Yannai and Salome Alexandra. Aristobulus, who was the last independent Hasmonean king, reigned from 67 to 63 B.C.E. Toward the end of Salome s reign, Aristobulus made himself the spokesman of the Sadducees …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ARISTOBULUS I — (Judah), king of Judea 104–103 B.C.E.; eldest son of john hyrcanus i . According to his father s will Aristobulus was to become high priest while his mother was to receive the throne. However, not content merely with the priestly office,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.